After Raphael: Counter Reformation Rome and Beyond
On May 6, 1527 an army of hungry, bedraggled and unpaid soldiers under the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V ravaged the city of Rome, leaving half the inhabitants dead and a city stripped bare. Pope Clement VII hid within the walls of Castel Sant’Angelo and later fled to Orvieto. Was the golden age of Rome truly over? Many have claimed 1527 as the official end of the Italian Renaissance. However, Rome soon recovered and set back on the path to glory as once again Caput Mundi Christiani. Popes, cardinals, and aristocratic Romans commissioned vast fresco cycles and villas and set about rebuilding Rome. Michelangelo’s Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel, frescoes in the Pauline Chapel, renovation of the Capitoline, and the completion of Bramante’s St Peter’s meant that Rome had won, but the confidence and splendor of High Renaissance Rome would not be regained until the papacy of Sixtus V and the glories of Baroque Rome.
Sunnie Evers received her Ph.D. in Italian Renaissance Art from UC Berkeley, with a specialty in sixteenth century Italian Renaissance painting and architecture. Her dissertation focused on the patronage of Paolo Veronese. She has taught at UC Berkeley and Stanford as visiting professor and lectured widely on Renaissance art on such topics as Paolo Veronese: Universal Artist; The Art of Villeggiatura: The Villa from Ancient Rome to Napa; The Engaging Gaze, From Leonardo to Vermeer; Visualizing Love in the Renaissance; and David Hockney: Places of Delight. She has also presented papers at the College Arts Association, The Renaissance Society of America and Sixteenth Century Studies.